Senior Aerospace Science Instructor (SASI):

Contact Information
Email Address:

Phone number: 732-981-0700 ext 2051
Best time to reach me: 0800 - 1500


Welcome to New Jersey-761 (NJ-761)  Air Force Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps (USAFJROTC) at Piscataway High School. My goal for this program is to ensure that students are prepared to transition from high school to adulthood and become productive citizens. I am ready to work with them to make their transition smooth and our unit outstanding.I hope that you will quickly discover the value of this program and the Cadet Corps.
The cadets of this unit will set the example upon which this unit will be recognized. That is a huge task, but the cadets are capable. I know that because they have taken the first step, which is to be here as an active participant. Cadets are provided a cadet guide in an effort to familiarize them with the policies and procedures of this AFJROTC program. It is not an all-inclusive document and should be used in conjunction with the Student/Parent Handbook. It is expected that you will comply with both the letter and spirit of these documents. 
 I wish each student great success in the upcoming school year and encourage them to challenge themselves and “Aim High.”





-Drill Team:

The Piscataway High School Drill Team is available for those that have an interest in a highly competitive Varsity Letter Sport. Here, cadets put in extra time to practice in their school week in order to compete in state/nation wide competitions. Drill consists of movements by which a formation of cadets is moved in an orderly manner.


The Kitty Hawk Air Society, sponsored by the Air Force Association, allows cadets to perform in various community service projects both inside and out of school. The society also helps cadets boost their grades with the help of tutoring by older cadets. To be eligible, a cadet must achieve and maintain a high school GPA of 85% or higher for all classes.


JLAB stands for JROTC Academic and Leadership Bowl. It is an online academic competition where cadets answer SAT style questions. These questions include include basic math, science, English, current events, and basic JROTC knowledge. Cadets work together to compete against schools on an international scale. The competition is broken down into elimination rounds, with the third one possibly being in Washington DC this year.

Cyber Patriot:

CyberPatriot is a cyber defense competition in which cadets work together to resolve security vulnerabilities on computers. Members will gain skills that will enable them to secure any given operating system and return it to its former glory. Networking, coding, and even hacking are all part of a foolproof plan to protect your computer. CyberPatriot is an international competition, and cadets can test their skills against some of the best in the world.






The Air Force Junior ROTC program provides students with an opportunity to learn and apply leadership skills while also learning about aerospace science and its’ career opportunities. The curriculum includes Aerospace Science (AS), Leadership Education (LE), and Wellness/Physical Training components. Students incur no military obligation whatsoever.   Instructors are devoted to providing quality classroom experiences to the students as well as emphasizing the concept of high standards in citizenship, leadership, and scholarship which are beneficial to all students as they progress in life.  During the program, students earn five elective credits for each year of Aerospace Science/Leadership Education taken, with students able to enter and leave the course the same as any other elective program.  Students are asked to participate in a wide range of academic and leadership activities both in and out of the classroom.   Students wear the Air Force uniform once each week.  Uniforms are provided free of charge by the United States Air Force.   Students perform physical training once a week which consists of warm-ups, calisthenics, aerobic exercises, and other sports activities.  Advanced students are placed in positions of responsibility and given full-supervised control of the Cadet Group as leaders and managers.  These students conceptualize, plan, organize and implement cadet activities.  All students are given opportunities to demonstrate learned skills using performance-based assessments.  The Air Force Junior ROTC program offers leadership, community service and college ROTC scholarship opportunities for the cadets. Aerospace Science, Leadership Education, and Wellness are simultaneously taught in each academic year.   


Journey into Aerospace History -  Aerospace Science 100:

The purpose of this aviation history course is to focus on the development of flight throughout the centuries.  It starts with ancient civilizations, then progresses through time to modern day.  The emphasis is on civilian and military contributions to aviation; the development, modernization, and transformation of the Air Force; and a brief astronomical and space exploration history.

Unit 1: Imagining Flight

Unit 2: Exploring Flight

Unit 3: Developing Flight

Unit 4: Extending Flight

The Science Of Flight - Aerospace Science 200: 

This course introduces the aerodynamics of aviation.  The student will study four areas of flight that impact the pilot and the aircraft: physiology, weather, aerodynamics, and navigation.  This aerospace science course is designed to acquaint the student with the aerospace environment, the principles of flight and navigation, and human limitations of flight. After developing an understanding of Earth's environment, the environmental impact on flying is introduced. Discussions include the forces of lift, drag, thrust, and weight. Propulsion systems to include the turbojet, turbofan, rocket, and reciprocating engines are examined in detail. Students learn basic navigation skills including map reading, course plotting, the effects of wind, human physiological requirements for the circulatory system, the effects of acceleration and deceleration, and protective equipment used while flying.

Chapter 1: How Planes Fly

Chapter 2: Working Through Flight Conditions:

Chapter 3: Flight and the Human Body

Chapter 4: Flying From Here to There

An Introduction to Global Awareness -Aerospace Science 220:

Chapter One The Middle East 

Chapter Two Asia  

Chapter Three Africa  

Chapter Four Russia and the Former Soviet Republics  

Chapter Five Latin America  

Chapter Six Europe

Exploring Space, The High Frontier -Aerospace Science 300:

This course explores the basics of astronomy with emphasis on the solar system and man’s historical perception of space. Also covered is the history and development of space exploration, the current aerospace developments and reviews the space exploration program.  Students will study the technology used in man’s first exploration efforts in space and the developments that led to the landings on the Moon.  This course examines space technology and the role of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.  Students will consider the astronautics of launch and recovery of spacecraft, and possible future space exploration efforts and theories.

Unit One The Space Environment 

Unit Two Exploring Space 

Unit Three Manned and Unmanned Spaceflight 

Unit Four Space Technology

Management of the Cadet Corps- Aerospace Science 400:

This is the senior-level AFJROTC course.  It is not open to entry-level students (students who are new to the AFJROTC program).  Cadets enrolled in this course have responsibility for planning, organizing, coordinating, directing, and controlling the cadet group. Selected cadets are placed in positions of responsibility and authority to ensure all cadet activities are properly conducted and accomplished. This aerospace science course stresses the challenge of command and staff, and career management. It also integrates and applies all previous academic and leadership instruction by requiring the cadet commander and senior staff to run all aspects of the cadets’ corps. These duties and responsibilities include command, operations, administration, personnel, awards and decorations, finance, public affairs, discipline, and resource management. 

Survival -Aerospace Science 410

Unit One The Elements of Surviving

Unit Two Personal Protection 

Unit Three Necessities to Maintain Life 

Unit Four Orientation and Traveling

Traditions, Wellness, Foundations of Citizenship- Leadership Education I00

Introduces the student to the mission of Air Force Junior ROTC, its organization and philosophies.  Students learn customs and courtesies associated with classroom activities, the United States flag, and the wear of the Air Force Junior ROTC uniform, to include attitude and discipline expectations.  Students will also receive instruction in study habits and time management, drug and alcohol abuse, sexual harassment and first aid.

Unit 1:  Introduction to JROTC Programs

Chapter 2: Personal Behavior

Chapter 3: Be Health Smart

Chapter 4: Making Safe, Drug-Free Decisions

Chapter 5: The Foundations of United States Citizenship

Communication, Awareness, and Leadership- Leadership 200 

Introduces students to effective communication skills necessary to assume positions of responsibility in the cadet group.  Effective writing, speaking, and listening skills are emphasized.  Students also develop an understanding of individual and group behavior, to include exercises in motivation, defense mechanisms, and individual responsibility.  This course will present basic leadership concepts and principles, situational leadership activities, and techniques for effective teamwork. 

Unit One Learning, Communication, and Personal Development 

Unit Two Building Personal Awareness 

Unit Three Understanding Groups and Teams 

Unit Four Preparing for Leadership

Life Skills and Career Opportunities- Leadership Education 300

Course is designed to prepare the student for life after high school.  Planning for career paths and job search receives in-depth coverage.  Application procedures for college and other post-secondary school education opportunities are discussed.  Students study career opportunities in the Air Force, to include officer and enlisted career paths, as well as career opportunities in other government agencies and the Federal Aviation Administration.

Chapter 1 Charting Your Financial Course

Chapter 2 Managing Your Resources 

Chapter 3 Career Opportunities 

Chapter 4 Aiming Towards a College Degree 

Chapter 5 Charting Your Course 

Chapter 6 Applying for Jobs 

Chapter 7 Working for the Federal Government 

Chapter 8 Developing Your Career Skills

Principles of Management -Leadership Education 400 

Introduces students to management theory.  Management process is taught, to include planning, organizing, coordinating, directing, and controlling.  Students are given increased opportunity to practice these skills in cadet group activities.  Citizenship skills are taught, and emphasis is given to ethics, with instruction in values, morals, and culturally accepted codes of conduct.

Unit One Introduction to Management 

Unit Two Planning 

Unit Three Organizing 

Unit Four Leading

AF Manual 36-2203, Personnel Drill and Ceremonies, V-2627

Chapters 1 – 3 -     Student Workbooks-     Selected Video Tapes-     Cadet Guide


COURSE NAME: Aerospace Blended

The Mission of Air Force JROTC is to develop citizens of character dedicated to serving their nation and community.

CREDIT HOURS: 5 Life Skills Credit for the entire year(must complete both semesters)

INSTRUCTOR: CMSgt Ron Mahoney 

COURSE DESCRIPTION: The course consists of three components: Aerospace Science (40%), Leadership Education (40%), and Wellness/Physical Fitness (20%). The Aerospace Science portion is an aviation history course focusing on the development of flight throughout the centuries. The emphasis is on civilian and military contributions to aviation; the development, modernization, and transformation of the Air Force; and a brief astronomical and space exploration history. It is interspersed with concise overviews of the principles of flight to include basic aeronautics, aircraft motion and control, flight power, and rockets. Leadership Education introduces the student to the Air Force Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps (AFJROTC) program, while instilling elements of good citizenship, develops informed citizens; strengthens and develops character; develops study habits and time management; wear of the Air Force uniform; and Air Force customs, courtesies and drill skills are introduced.  Additionally, cadets will be taught the fundamentals of Drill and Ceremonies. This portion of the course concentrates on the elements of military drill, and describes individual and group precision movements, procedures for saluting, drill, ceremonies, reviews, parades, and development of the command voice. Students are provided detailed instruction on ceremonial performances and protocol for civilian and military events and have the opportunity to personally learn drill. Most of the work is to be hands-on. The Wellness/Physical Fitness portion will incorporate the Cadet Health and Wellness Program (CHWP). The CHWP is an exercise program focused upon individual base line improvements with the goal of achieving a Presidential Physical Fitness standard calculated with age and gender. The goal of the CHWP is to motivate JROTC cadets to lead active, healthy lifestyles beyond program requirements and into their adult lives. Cadets will be given the opportunity to put into practice the wellness concepts that are taught in Leadership Education I.  Students  WILL wear the Air Force JROTC uniform weekly on Thursday and the issued PT uniform on G-days.




Aerospace Science 1 - Blended

Grades:   9-12 Full Year          5 credits

Traditions, Wellness, and Foundations of Citizenship

1. Know the importance of AFJROTC history, mission, purpose, goals, and objectives.

2. Know military traditions and the importance of maintaining a high standard of dress and appearance.

Communication, Awareness, and Leadership

1. Apply the key factors of effective communications.

Life Skills and Career Opportunities

1. Analyze the elements of successful financial management skills.

2. Create a plan to safeguard personal resources.

Principles of Management

1. Know the history and the importance of management.

Journey into Aerospace History:

     1. Know the historical facts and impacts of the early attempts to fly.

The Science of Flight

1. Analyze the elements of flight.

Exploring Space: The Higher Frontier

  1. Know the specific characteristics of the Earth, Moon, solar system, and the planets.
  2. Comprehend the big picture of space exploration, including the history of spaceflight,

organizations doing work in space, and the overall space environment.


1. Know the elements of surviving.


Aerospace Science 2 –- Blended

Grades:  9-12  Full Year          5 Credits

Prerequisite:  N/A

Traditions, Wellness, and Foundations of Citizenship

1. Know the importance of attitude, discipline, and respect, and why values and ethics are so important.

2. Know the importance of individual self-control, common courtesies and etiquette.

Communication, Awareness, and Leadership

  1. Know the ways in which personal awareness affects individual actions.

Life Skills and Career Opportunities

  • 1Analyze the different ways of pursuing a career path.

        2   Analyze the requirements for applying to a college or university.

Principles of Management

        1. Know the techniques and skills involved in planning and decision making.

Journey into Aerospace History:

1. Know the major historical contributions to the development of flight.

The Science of Flight

  1. Evaluate how atmospheric conditions affect flight.

Exploring Space: The Higher Frontier

  1. Comprehend the importance of entering space, characteristics of manned and unmanned

    Space flight, and how humans are affected during spaceflight.

  2. Comprehend the key concepts for getting from the surface of Earth into orbit and to other planets.


  1. Know how medical procedures, clothing, and shelter can provide personal protection for a survivor in a survival situation.


Aerospace Science 3 - Blended

Grades:  9-12  Full Year          5 Credits

Prerequisite:  N/A

Traditions, Wellness, and Foundations of Citizenship

1. Know that an effective stress management program improves the quality of life.

2. Know why courtesies are rendered to the United States flag and the National Anthem.

Communication, Awareness, and Leadership

        1. Know the key elements of building and encouraging effective teams.

Life Skills and Career Opportunities

        1. Analyze positive and negative impact of college life in meeting career goals.

        2. Evaluate the essential process for successfully pursuing desired career or job.

Principles of Management

        1. Know the importance of managing change, stress, and innovation.

Journey into Aerospace History:

1. Know the contributions of the US Air Force to modern aviation.

The Science of Flight

         1. Evaluate how flight affects the human body.

Exploring Space: The Higher Frontier

1.   Comprehend how spacecraft, rockets, and launch vehicles are designed and built.

2.   Comprehend the latest advances in space technology.


1. Know the necessities for maintaining life in a survival situation.



Aerospace Science 4 - Blended

Grades: 9- 12  Full Year          5 Credits


Traditions, Wellness, and Foundations of Citizenship

1. Know why it is important to be a good democratic citizen and to be familiar with the different forms of governments.

2. Know the importance of keeping yourself well and helping others stay well

Communication,Awareness, and Leadership

1. Apply the key behaviors for becoming a credible and competent leader.

Life Skills and Career Opportunities

             1. Evaluate the benefits of working for the Federal Government.

             2. Create a plan for successful career development

Priciples of Management

1. Know the key elements of individual and group behavior, the importance of the

   communication process, and the characteristics of a good leader.

Journey into Aerospace History:

    1. Know the key events of space exploration history.

The Science of Flight

1. Analyze flight navigation and the purpose of aerial navigation aids.  

An Introduction to Global Awareness

1. Know how historical, geographic, religious, and ethnic factors have shaped the six major regions of the world.

2. Know how economic, political, and social factors impact cultures.

3. Know how environmental resources influence global economic development.

4. Know how population density, famine, war, and immigration influence the world.

5. Know how the economic systems of communism and capitalism have shaped the six major

    regions of the world.

6. Comprehend how cultural perspectives of time, space, context, authority, interpersonal

                 relationships, and orientation to community affect interactions among people.


1. Know how to travel and prepare for recovery in a survival situation.


Aerospace Science 5 – Cadet leadership Course

Grades: 9-11            7 to 14 days (NO SCHOOL CRDITS AWARDED)

Prerequisites:  Aerospace Science 1,II, and/or III

Open only to students enrolled in Aerospace Science for the next academic year.  Intensive leadership training program conducted off campus at a local military installation for a period of two weeks.  Extensive leadership academic training will prepare the student to assume an increased role in the leadership of the cadet group upon return to school.  Summer encampment includes obstacle, confidence, and leadership reaction training courses designed to focus the student on his/her abilities and limitations.  As with other summer programs, there are tuition and supply fees associated with this course.

UNIFORM DAY THURSDAY and Special Events. Cadets maybe required to wear their Physical Training uniform (T-shirt) on G days.





Class Participation/Preparedness


Uniform Inspection/341’s


In-Class and homework Assignments


Quizzes/ Leadership Rubrics


100% TOTAL

A.    A student who has previously failed the AFJROTC course for the year may only re-enroll after sitting out of the program for a year, and with the approval of the SASI.  Approval is based on the results of a personal interview with the student and/or parent.

 B.   The grading policy represents a breakdown of how students will be evaluated.  The fourth marking period will have a Final exam.



UNIFORM WEAR: Uniform wear is a large part of the Air Force JROTC program. ALL cadets are required to wear the appropriate uniform each Thursdays, from the start of the school day until the student’s last class of the day. Make-up day for excused absences on uniform day is Friday. There will be no uniform make-up for unexcused absences Friday. Failing to wear the uniform all day will result in a 0” (zero) grade for that uniform day. Multiple failures to wear your uniform can lead to disenrollment from the course. Cadets are required to wear their issued  Physical Fitness uniforms (T-shirt) on “G” Days unless otherwise directed. Failure to turn in uniforms by the end of the course/year will result in an overall I” incomplete grade for the course. Additionally, the student will be placed on the “Fines/Holds list until the uniforms are paid for/returned.


CLASS ATTENDANCE, PREPARATION AND PARTICIPATION :Todays workforce does not earn a paycheck unless they show up ready for work. Cadets earn grades commensurate with their class participation and effort. Cadets who are not present or prepared cannot participate fully in class. This is especially key to drill and physical fitness. Class preparation includes cadet adherence to proper grooming standards daily as outlined in Air Force Instruction and school dress code.


HOMEWORK/CLASSWORK: Assignments are due at the beginning of the class period, unless otherwise directed or the cadet has an excused absence that day. For excused absences, the assignment will be due on the next class day that the cadet is present. Assignments not turned in on the due date because of an unexcused absence will receive a0” (zero) grade for that assignment.


COMMUNITY SERVICE: Cadets will have multiple opportunities to perform Air Force JROTC sponsored community service during each semester.


CURRICULUM IN ACTION TRIPS (CIA)/FIELD TRIPS: Throughout the semester, the cadets will have opportunities to participate in school-sponsored activities that serve as an extension of the AFJROTC curriculum. Cadets must be in good academic and disciplinary standing to participate.


CLASS BEHAVIOR: The nature of the AFJROTC mission, as well as its high visibility within the school and community, requires it members to adhere to higher standards than might be found among the student population. Inappropriate behavior, in or out of uniform, is prohibited while in participating in AFJROTC. This behavior includes, but is not limited to, consuming alcohol, drug abuse, tobacco use, horseplay, public displays of affection, fighting, disparaging remarks, insubordination, disrespect, verbal threats and physical attacks.


CELL PHONES: Cell phone policy is in accordance with Piscataway HS instructions. Cell phones must remain turned off and out of sight during the instructional day. Students who use the telecommunications device during the class, will receive a teacher detention and/or central detention. Any student who refuses to turn off/put away their cell phone will be considered insubordinate and will receive additional disciplinary consequences.



  1.   Follow the chain of command (i.e. Flt/CC Flt/CC Ops/CC–  Group/CC ASI SASI).

2.   Always use the titles sir/maam when addressing AFJROTC staff and senior ranking cadets.

3.   Be on time. Dont be late to class, scheduled events, practices, etc.

4.   Always bring your required items to class (notebook, pen/pencil, textbook, etc).

5.   Wear the correct uniform on the appropriate day.

6.   Place personal belongings under your desk nothing in the aisle.

7.   Raise your hand and wait to be acknowledged; do not talk without permission.

8.   Listen respectively and attentively to the speaker/presenter or fellow cadets when they are speaking.

  9.   Treat others with mutual respect. Profanity, vulgar language, racial or ethnic slurs, derogatory comments, sexual harassment, or harassment of any fellow cadet or student will not be tolerated.

10. Remain in your seat unless given permission to move about the room

11. Remain professional; do not sit on desks, tables, trash cans, etc.

12. Unauthorized personnel are not allowed in the classrooms and staff offices.

13. Always use the trash can to dispose of trash. If you see trash on the floor, clean it up.

14. No eating, drinking and ABSOLUTELY no CHEWING GUM in the classroom.

15. Wearing hats or sunglasses indoors is prohibited.

16. Maintain loyalty to the Corps, school, and your values.

17. No horseplay in the AFJROTC areas.

18. Maintain self-control and your self-respect at all times.

19. Do not disrespect instructors, higher-ranking cadet officers and NCOs.



A.    CLASSROOM OPENING: When the school bell rings to signify the start of class, the Cadet Flight Commander will bring the class to attention in the following manner.  Standing at attention, the Flight Commander will give the command “Flight.”  The flight will rise from their seats on the left side and stand at Parade Rest.  Upon hearing the command “Attention,” the flight members will come to attention. The Flight Commander will procede to take attendance and read the Weekly Bulletin. If the class is larger and element leaders have been assigned, the flight commander will command “Report.” Element leaders will then respond “all present” or identify those that are missing. On Uniform wear days, the Pledge of Allegiance will be recited as well.  The Flight Commander will then give the order “seats,” at which time the flight members will take their seats.

 B.    CLASSROOM DISCIPLINE: All cadets are expected to exercise outstanding discipline and self-control in the JROTC classroom and offices.  Demerits, 341’s, or disciplinary referrals will be issued for disorderly conduct.

 C.   CLASSROOM CLOSING: The flight will be called to attention as in the CLASSROOM OPENING procedures.  After the flight is called to attention, the command “dismissed” will be given at which time flight members may leave the classroom in an orderly manner.

D.   CALLING ROOM TO “ATTENTION”: When the Principal, SASI, ASI, or the Cadet Group Commander (on Uniform wear days) enters the room, the first cadet seeing that activity will stand and call the room to “Attention”. Cadets will remain at the position of ATTENTION until given further direction.